Joanne Martin

Breastfeeding Faculty Expert
Goodwill Industries of Central Indiana

Joanne Martin is a master prepared registered nurse with a doctorate in public health from UC Berkeley.  From 1968-85, she worked in Santa Cruz County, California in various positions: public health nurse, MCH Coordinator, Medi-Screen pediatric nurse practitioner, Child Health and Disability Prevention Deputy Director and evaluator.  She also taught Lamaze classes for a large multi-practice private clinic for five years. In the 1980’s, almost all women in Santa Cruz, CA breastfed, thus her dissertation was Determinants of the Duration of Breastfeeding.
Dr. Martin was recruited to Indiana University School of Nursing to develop a doctoral major:   Health Policy and the Health of the Community, the first health policy doctoral major in a school of nursing.  During her tenure at IUSON (1985-2011), she received external funding for home visiting programs to reduce infant mortality in rural counties and in Indianapolis.  She developed Community Partners for Prenatal Care (CPPC) with teams of nurses, social workers and community health workers in eight rural counties.  The urban version of CPPC, The MOM Project, was implemented in metropolitan Indianapolis because that city had the worst black infant mortality rate of any major US city.   The MOM Project was an important component of the Indianapolis Campaign for Healthy Babies that eventually reduced the black IMR by half.  The MOM Project also cross-trained home visitors to be community-based doulas and breast feeding among low-income, young African-American mothers increased to nearly 90 percent. 
In the 1990’s, Indiana implemented the Healthy Families America (HFA) model of home visitation.  Dr. Martin was part of the core team that expanded Healthy Families Indiana (HFI) to all 92 counties.  The MOM Project transitioned to become a HFI site with a caseload of 400 families.   The State contracted with IU School of Nursing and, until 2010, Dr. Martin was the Director of HFI Training and Technical Assistance Project with responsibilities for providing training, technical assistance, quality assurance, data management and evaluation for the statewide network of 58 HFI sites.   In 1999-2000, Dr. Martin also directed Healthy Families America during a time of rapid expansion in the US and Canada.
Since 2011, Dr. Martin has been a consultant for program planning, evaluation and research with Goodwill Industries of Central Indiana, the first (& so far only) Nurse Family Partnership (NFP) Implementation Agency in Indiana.  Currently serving a caseload of 600 in Indianapolis, NFP expansion to other communities is on the horizon.  Breastfeeding is a priority and all NFP nurse home visitors at Goodwill are Certified Lactation Councilors (CLCs).  Multiple initiatives at Goodwill’s NFP are designed to support the NHVs and improve their competencies in order to increase the duration of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding for mothers and infants enrolled in  NFP.